The Sleeve Gastrectomy, or Gastric Sleeve surgery, is a restrictive procedure performed on the stomach. The Gastric Sleeve does not involve any surgery on the intestine. Sleeve Gastrectomy has also been called Partial Gastrectomy and Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy. This weight loss procedure consists of making the stomach into a long tube, or “sleeve”, by removing two-thirds of the stomach which supplies for quicker and a more prolonged satiety (sense of fullness) and decreased appetite. The smaller stomach pouch restricts food intake by allowing only a limited of food to be eaten at one time. The valve at the outlet of the stomach remains, allowing the normal process of stomach emptying to continue which provides the extended feeling of satiety or “fullness”. There are no new connections made between the stomach and small intestine in this procedure.
Why choose the Sleeve Gastrectomy?
The Sleeve Gastrectomy has the following advantages:
- Gastric Sleeve surgery does not require the implantation of a foreign body such as a silastic ring used in gastric banding.
- The Gastric Sleeve procedure mechanically decreases the size of the stomach, which also decreases the secretion of the hormone ghrelin which is responsible for stimulating the hunger and appetite response.
- The Sleeve Gastrectomy does not involve any intestinal cutting or rerouting, which decreases the risk of many side effects that may be experienced in a traditional Gastric Bypass surgery.
- The Gastric Sleeve surgery does not require adjustments or extended follow-up care in most cases.
- The procedure offers the benefit of lowering weight in the severely obese patient and may be used to prepare this patient for another procedure at a later time.
* Results may vary from person to person.